Ans: Health indicators play an important role in the development of human
resources. There are three indicators.
Life expectancy: It refers to the number of years an average a person can live. It is 63.9 years for males and 66.9 years for females in India.
Maternal Mortality Rate: It refers to number of delivery deaths among 1 lakh women in a year. It is 301 per 10,000 live births in India.
Infant Mortality Rate: It refers to the ratio of the number of deaths among the 1000 born child in a year. It is 63 per 1000 in India.
Question: Explain about NRHM.
Ans: National Rural Health Mission (NRHM):
This programme was introduced in 2005 to increase access and utilization of
quality health by strengthening health infrastructure.
Objectives: To provide over 5 lakh ASHA workers per 1000 population by 2008.
To make it function nearly 1.75 lakh sub centres 2 ANMs by 2010.
To provide 24 hours services in all PHCs with 3 trained staff nurses in all days
To establish 6500 Community Health Centres with 7 specialists and 9 staff
nurses by 2012.
To establish 1800 Taluk hospitals and 600 district hospitals by 2012.
Provide Mobile Medical Units for each district by 2009.
National Urban Health Mission (NUHM): It was introduced in 2005 to meet the
health needs of urban poor making available primary health care services to them. It
will cover all cities with a population of 1 lakh.
Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY): It was launched in 2005. Its main objective was to
encourage pregnant women for safe institutional delivery, which reduce MMR and
IMR. It was 100 percent centrally sponsored programme, focussing on both maternal
and child health.