July 16, 2015

DEECET General English Material - Parts of Speech

Adverb: An 'Adverb' is a word that describes or adds to the meaning of
a verb, an adjective, another adverb or a sentence, and which answers
such questions as how? where? or when?

In English many adverbs have an -ly ending. Eg: He runs fast. ('Fast'
describes the verb runs).
She is very beautiful ('Very' describes the adjective beautiful).
He walks very slowly ('Very' describes the adverb slowly).

Preposition:

Preposition is a word used with nouns, pronouns and gerunds, to link
them grammatically to other words. Prepositions may express such
meanings
as Possession (Eg: The branch of the tree), Direction (Eg: To the left
side), Place (Eg: at the corner of the street), Time (Eg: before,
now).

Conjunction:

It is a word which joins words, phrases or clauses together, such as
but, and, when. Eg: John and Mary went out.
She sings but I don't.
There are two types of conjunctions.
1) Co-ordinating Conjunctions
2) Subordinating Conjunctions

Co-ordinating Conjunctions join linguistic units which are equivalent
or of the same rank. For example: i) It rained, but I went for a walk
any way.
ii) Shall we go home or go to see a movie.

Subordinating Conjunctions such as because, when, unless, that join an
independent clause and a dependent clause. For example: He ate the
whole cake because he was hungry.
The above sentence has two clauses.
a) He ate the whole cake b) because he was hungry.
Here the (b) clause is dependent on clause
(a). When we add a clause that is dependent on the other, we use a
subordinating conjunction. In this sentence 'because' is a
subordinating
conjunction.

Interjection:

An Interjection is a word which expresses some sudden remark of a feeling.
Eg: Hurrah! We have won.
Alas! He is no more.

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