December 13, 2016

10th Class English Grammar and Vocabulary - Adjectives and Pronouns Tips

Adjective: An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun and adds something to its meaning.
Eg: (i) English is a rich language (English - noun; rich - adjective)
(ii) Nigine is a small village. (Nigine - Noun: small - adjective)

Study the following sentences.
1. I don't like that boy. - Which boy?
2. Agasya bought a dozen bananas - How many bananas?
3. There is little time for preparation - How much time?
4. Saikrishna is a clever boy - Boy of what kind?

Kinds of Adjectives:

Adjectives may be classified into the following class. Study them.
Proper - Indian, Australian, Chinese, English
Descriptive - Red, big, tiny, sick, brave, cautious, honest etc.
Quantitative - Half, whole, much, little, no, some, any etc.

Numeral:
1) Definite - One, first, two, second, three, third etc.
2) Indefinite - Some, many, enough, several, sundry etc.
3) Distributive - Each, every, either, neither.

Demonstrative - This, these, that, those, same, such etc.
Interrogative - What, which, whose, etc.
Possessive - My, our, your, his, her, its, their
Emphasising - Own, very etc.
Exclamatory - What! etc.

Examples:

(i) Mr. Pasha shows much patience.
(ii) The whole money was deposited in the bank.
(iii) Sunday is the first day of the week.

Adjectives change in form to show comparison. They are called Degrees of
Comparison.

Examples:

(i) No other girl in the class is so intelligent as Sandhya. (Positive Degree)
(ii) Sandhya is more intelligent than any other girl in the class (Comparative Degree)
(iii) Sandhya is the most intelligent of all other girls in the class. (Superlative degree)
(iv) Sandhya is an intelligent girl in the class. (No degree)

Pronoun:

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
Eg: Gangothri is a sensitive girl. She keeps her secrets with herself.

Here, she stands for Gangothri. We do not repeat the same word (Gangothri) in the immediate second sentence, so the pronoun 'she' is used instead of the noun (Gangothri).

Her and herself belong to the same girl; hence pronouns!
Note that the part of speech of a word changes according to the work it do in a
sentence.
Eg: 1. Who is your class teacher? Here, who is a question word.
2. Dr. C. Narayan Reddy, who is a poet, is coming to Boath tomorrow.
Here, who is a pronoun.

The Personal Pronouns are used thus;

1. Hemamalini gets her clothes pressed in Paris.
2. No one takes Agasya to school. She goes at her own.
3. My mother is not at home. She is in the farmhouse.
4. The wounded lion dragged itself to its cave.
5. We have occupied our seats. Have you occupied yours?
6. Ours is a Telugu Medium school.

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