December 13, 2016

10th Class English Part - B Grammar and Vocabulary - Parts of Speech Tips

Following is the 10th Class English Part - B Grammar and Vocabulary study material for SSC public exams of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana state boards.

Parts of Speech: 'Language is the dress of thought': We use words to express our thoughts. These words are divided into different classes called parts of speech, according to the work they do in a sentence.

The parts of speech are eight in number as listed below:
1) Noun 2) Pronoun 3)Adjective 4) Verb 5) Adverb 6) Preposition 7) Conjunction 8) Interjection

Noun:

A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing. In other words 'naming word' is a noun!
Eg: Thomas saw a tiger in the cave.
'Thomas' is the name of a person; 'tiger' is the name of a thing (an animal) and 'cave' is the name of a place.

Nouns are chiefly classified into four types. They are:
(i) Proper Nouns
Eg: Sahithi, Nirmal, Soujanya, Rohith, Neradigonda, Australia, etc.

(ii) Common Nouns
Eg: table, gold, wheat, boys, salt, starts, etc.

(iii) Collective Nouns
Eg: bunch, crowd, army, class, team, etc.

(iv) Abstract Nouns
Eg: fear, beauty, knowledge, dark, wisdom, etc.

Note that countable and uncountable nouns are also equally important to be
thoroughly studied.

Countable Nouns are those that can be counted.
Eg: Lion, fruit, fish, pen, book, etc.

Uncountable nouns are those that cannot be counted.
Eg: Rice, water, diesel, air, milk, etc.

Note the difference:
1. Pareekshith bought an orange, three bananas and a dozen eggs. The underlined
words are countable nouns. (Orange = singular; Bananas and eggs = plural)
2. Akash drank two glasses of water. (Glasses - countable noun where as water - uncountable noun).
Countable nouns may be either singular or plural. That is, they have 'number'. But
uncountable nouns have no number.

Look at these sentences:

1. Ganghothri brought some fruits.
2. Ruthika bought many things in the exhibition.
3. Akash drank much water.
4. I have some work at home to do.

Observe that some is used for both countable and uncountable nouns, much is used only for uncountable nouns and many is used for countable nouns.

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