January 28, 2014

10th Class English Grammar and Vocabulary Tips

Good use of language needs the knowledge of subtle shades of difference in words which seem to have the same meaning. Right usage coupled with perfect pronunciation is the base of good communication. Training in these skills is the main aim of the short and very short answer questions (9-47). Let's try some important items.

I. Choose the correct meanings of the words on the left and write them in your answer book.
a) accolade : gift praise money trophy
b) splendid: great thrilled happy glorious
c) vengeance: revenge hatred sorrow willing
d) prevalent: weather unseen common unclear

Answers:

a) accolade → praise
b) splendid → glorious
c) vengeance → revenge
d) prevalent → common

II. Notice the meaning of each underlined word in the sentence in which it occurs. Select the option that conveys the meaning and write it in your answer book.

1. In the past, only the elite sent their children to school.
a) powerful b) famous c) intelligent

2. Most of the rural population in India lives in utter misery.
a) poverty b) adversity c) pain

3. Birds instinctively know how to fly.
a) deliberately b) obviously c) without training.

4. I was nonpleased to see her behave so rudely at the party.
a) surprised b) irritated c) amused

Answers: 1-b 2-a 3-c 4-a

Grammar at a glance

Time clauses in English are formed by the use of correlative conjunctions as shown below:

As soon as .... Hardly / Scarcely ....
No sooner .... than, etc.
As soon as + statement + statement
No sooner + inversion statement + than + statement
Hardly + scarcely + inversion statement + when + statement.

eg.: 1. Abhinav saw the snake. Immediately he started trembling.
As soon as Abhinav saw the snake he started trembling.

No sooner did Abhinav see the snake than he started trembling.
Hardly / Scarcely had Abhinav seen the snake when he started trembling.

Let's see some of the errors we make in our usage and learn how to express them correctly, in view of the SSC Exam.
eg: 1. The chair's leg is broken. (Incorrect)
The leg of the chair is broken. (Correct)

2. She is my cousin sister. (Incorrect)
She is my cousin (Correct)

3. Raviteja is an university student. (Incorrect)
Raviteja is a university student. (Correct)

4. My uncle joined in the army. (Incorrect)
My uncle joined the army. (Correct).

Let's turn our attention towards the important items pertaining to Paper-II. Questions (1-10) are meant for testing the ability to identify the excerpts given as passages and the points relevant to them. They test the understanding of the stories given in the Supplementary Readers.

The ability to link the sentences to form a coherent passage is tested through rearranging scrambled sentences - questions (20-21)

In view of weightage of marks, letter writing is very important so far as Paper-II is concerned.
Students are tested their skill in writing letters in the composition section under 'Recognition of styles in letters'.

There will be two questions based on an event or newspaper report. Generally, these questions will be given on social and business letters.

Now let's try the following question under Re-arranging scrambled sentences:
A) These trips validated his sense of independence from society.
B) Henry David Thoreau, who inspired Gandhi, was famous for his reclusive life and long walks.
C) If shut up in the house, he did not write at all.
D) Ralph Waldo Emerson remarked- The length of his walk uniformly made the length of his writing.
E) Thoreau's walking tours covered large parts of the United States.

Answers: B, E, A, D, C

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