February 19, 2014

10th Social Studies Imp Questions and Answers

4 Marks Questions
Q: What are the favourable factors for the development of cotton textiles in and around Mumbai and Ahmadabad centers?
A: Availability of raw cotton: Raw cotton is abundantly available in Maharashtra and Gujarat.
Transport Facility: Both Mumbai and Ahmadabad have a well developed network of transport and communication facilities.
Favourable climate: Availability of humid climate and plentiful supply of water helped in growing more cotton.
Power: Cheap Hydel power is available and there is no power shortage in these two states.
Labour: The abundant availability of skilled and unskilled labour is another factor.
Port facility: Port facilities are available at Mumbai and Kandla for imports and exports.
Banking facility: A large network of banking facilities is available for capital from these two urban centers.
Market facility: A good market from Middle East and Western countries is another factor.
These are the favourable factors for the development of cotton textiles in and around Mumbai and Ahmadabad centers.

Q: What are the important characteristic features of Indian Agriculture?
A: The important characteristic features of Indian agriculture are;
About two-thirds of the total cropped area still depends upon monsoon rains.
About one third of the total cropped area is cultivated with irrigation water.
The average size of land holding in India is only 1.7 hectares.
Two or three crops are cultivated in the same piece of agricultural land because of the population pressure.
The agro-geographic conditions are very much suitable for the cultivation of crops throughout the year.
Indian farmers grow a variety of crops, both food crops and industrial crops.
The Indian agriculture is highly traditional and less mechanized.
Plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, coconut, sugarcane and cash crops like cotton, tobacco, jute have also had a pride place in Indian agriculture.
The modernization of agriculture consists of hybrid farming is also significant.
The average productivity of crops in India is very low.

2 Marks Questions

Q: Why is the location of sugar industry strictly confined to very close viscinity of sugarcane growing area?
A: The sugar cane gets dried even before it is transported to the factory.
It loses weight and the sugar content sucrose gets dried up.
After the harvest of the crop, the sugarcane is to be immediately processed.
Therefore the sugar factory is to be located near the place of sugarcane cultivation.

Q: What are the different minerals available in India?
A: The minerals in India can be classified into four kinds.
Metallic minerals: iron ore, manganese, copper.
Non-metallic minerals: Mica, Gypsum, Limestone.
Fuel minerals: Coal, Lignite, Petroleum.
Atomic Minerals: Uranium, Thorium

Q: Mention major Industrial regions of India?
A: The major Industrial regions of India are;
The Hooghly Belt
The Mumbai - Poona Belt
The Ahmadabad - Baroda Region
The Madurai - Coimbatore - Bangalore Region
The Chota Nagpur Region
The Mathura - Delhi - Saharanpur - Ambala Region

Q: What is livestock?
A: Livestock consists of cattle and buffaloes, sheep and goats and other animals like pigs, horses, camels etc.
Livestock is a part and parcel of agriculture.

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