March 23, 2014

Tenth Class Social Studies new Text Book - The People

The People: Population is a pivotal element in social studies. When we refer to ‘development for all’ it is people that we have in mind, especially to include those who are normally marginalized in the process of development. The idea of equality is used with reference to people. On the other hand you would often hear people blaming “population growth” for all problems that we face.

They blame the lack of jobs, food, resources, on the fact that we have to share this with too many people. 92 percent of the working people in India are in the unorganized sector and have to struggle for work and have no other social security, apart from their families to support them. It appears rather unfair to blame their families for their poverty. How do we make sense of these contradictions? In order to do so it is important to understand population numbers, its distribution and characteristics or qualities that provide the basic background for understanding
and appreciating the other aspects.

Stick figures showing diverse people on earth Cartoon do we need more earth?
Talk to a few people in your neighborhood who have different occupations and incomes. Find out about their views on the ideal family size.

Have you ever wondered how information about the people living in your locality or village, and the country as a whole is collected and recorded? Ask your teacher to explain their experiences of collecting census data?

What is the difference in collecting information using a census or a sample method? Discuss with a few examples. The census of India provides us with information regarding the population of our country. A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. Once in ten years information about all people living in India is collected. The people, who do this survey, go from house to house and find out the number of people living in every house in every village, town and city. This census provides us with a lot of
information such as how old people are, their occupation, houses, education, religion etc. The central government institution, Census of India, organizes the collection and recording of this information.

BOX:

In India the first census was held in the year 1872. The first complete census however was taken in the year 1881. Since then censuses have been held regularly every tenth year.

India’s population as of 2011 is 121,01,93,422. These 1.21 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country’s vast area of 3.28 million square km.
Before we find out more about the census, let us survey our own area and examine the kind of work done by the census.

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