February 4, 2015

10th Class Social Studies - New Syllabus Questions and Answers

Q: What are the reasons for Delhi to become the second biggest city in
the country?

A: According to population Delhi stands second in rank whereas Mumbai
ranks first, as Delhi is the capital of India many people concentrate
there for many purposes.

When India gained independence, the city remained its capital and
before that it was capital for many dynasties.

Partition at the time of independence resulted in mass migration to
Delhi. Over the decades, the city has been attracting many people from
all the parts of country as they migrated in search of livelihood or
jobs.

As the capital of country, with the parliament and central of
Government offices, Supreme Court and planning commission etc there
are people from all parts living in the city. Today Delhi is the
second largest city with more than 1,60,00,000 population.

Q: The development of Delhi is not done according to master plan. Discuss.

A: Every city usually has a master plan to be designed and allocate
different types of areas. The city of Delhi has three such master
plans. However, if we look at the current scenario, it would appear
that these plans
have not been implemented. In fact, Delhi has been growing in an
unplanned manner.

A planned city usually has all facilities. Government has to announce
areas demarcated for different purposes. The construction in that area
is expected to follow such an order. However it is clear that such
plans have not been followed. A planned development is not possible
because many migrants are coming in to city and that they are
trespassers.

Q: How are the weekly markets important especially in villages?

A: The weekly markets in villages are a very important as they connect
many villages. The village is treated as the bigger one in which the
weekly market is big with many vegetable vendors and so on. At these
weekly markets, people from several neighbouring villages converge and
conduct
trade.

Some villages also host an annual fair which is a larger market along
with many cultural elements. Many events are held including music,
dance, theatre etc. The weekly markets and fairs are also important to
plant and animal genetics in the area because local seeds and live
stock breeds
are traded here. These fairs also often result in inter caste and
inter religious marriages among people from different villages.

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