July 16, 2015

DEECET General English Grammar - Parts of Speech

Words are divided into different kinds of classes called parts of
speech. The parts of speech are eight in number. But most modern
grammarians list nine different parts of speech.

Part of Speech - Examples

1. Noun - Ganesh, Lion, Wisdom
2. Adjective - beautiful, sad, realistic
3. Pronoun - I, he, she, it, they, we, etc.
4. Verb - go, be, must, do
5. Adverb - fast, very, badly
6. Preposition - in, on, at, of, under
7. Conjunction - and, but, if, or
8. Interjection - Oh! Alas! Well!
9. Determiner - a, the, any, every

Noun - Look at the following words:

Mr. Srinivas, Mrs. Leela
Vinod, Sita
son, daughter
road, telephone

They are all names of persons, places or things. They are called Nouns.
A noun is a word that denotes the name of a person, place, thing or
idea. There are several kinds of nouns. Nouns may be classified on
the basis of meaning or on the basis of form. On the basis of meaning,
nouns may be
classified as Proper Nouns and Common Nouns.

On the basis of meaning, nouns may also be classified as Concrete
Nouns and Abstract Nouns. Concrete noun is a word that denotes
something
concrete, something that can be tasted, touched or seen, something
that exists physically. Eg: room, daughter, gold, iron, etc.

Proper nouns and material nouns are concrete nouns. But not all common
nouns are concrete nouns, they may be concrete or abstract. An
abstract noun is a word that denotes something that is abstract (based
on general
idea). The thing denoted may be an idea or emotion, freedom, equality,
love, death, wisdom, childhood, honesty etc.

Adjective:

An Adjective is a word that describes the thing, quality, state or
action which a noun refers to. For example black in a black car is an
adjective.
In English, adjectives usually have the following properties:
a) They can be used before a noun. Eg: a heavy bag.
b) They can be used after be, become, seems etc as complements.
Eg: The bag is heavy.
c) They can be used after a noun as a complement.
Eg: These books make the bag heavy.
d) They can be modified by an adverb.
Eg: Very heavy bag.
e) They can be used in a comparative or superlative form.
Eg: The bag seems heavier now.

Pronoun:

A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. 'Pronoun' means 'for a noun.'
Eg: I told Sivaram that the book which he gave me was interesting.
Here 'I' is used for the speaker, 'me' is also used for the speaker,
'which' is used for book and 'he' is used for Sivaram. So I, which, he
and me are Pronouns.

Verb: 'Verb' is the 'heart' of a sentence. The verb is the most
important part of a sentence. It carries the central message of a
sentence in the form of action, state, possession, occurrence. Eg: She
runs (action)
He is happy (state)
The accident took place here (occurrence)
He has a car (possession)

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