February 24, 2015

SSC Social Studies Imp Questions - Rampur Village Economy

Following are important questions and answers from Rampur - A Village Economy lesson of 10th Class / SSC Social Studies new syllabus for AP and Telangana students.

Q: What are the differences between the farmers and farm labourers?
A: Farmers: The farmers have some fields of their own and grow crops. They work in their own fields. They also hire some workers in their fields.  According to the land they hold, they are called small, medium and large farmers.

Farm labourers: . These labourers have no own lands.  They work in others fields as labourers.  Some of them have very less lands.  They are paid very less amount of wages.

Q: What is the difference between physical capital and working capital?
A: Tools and machines such as farmers plough to combined harvesters which are not used up in the process of production are called physical capital. Tractors, pump sets, computers, generators etc are the examples.

The various raw materials such as yarn or pulp used by weavers or paper industry which is used up in the process of production are called working capital. Clay for the potter, seeds and money for wages of the labourers in agriculture etc are the examples.

Q: What are the factors of production?
A: The factors of production are land, labour, capital knowledge and enterprise. In agriculture water is also a factor of production. The natural things are also factors used up in the process of production.

Q: What do you mean by multiple cropping?
A: To grow more than one crop on the same piece of land during the year is known as multiple cropping. It is the most common way of increasing production from land. Many farmers grow potatoes as third crop along with two main crops.

This multiple cropping has become compulsory because the population is increasing more and the cultivable land is decreasing. To meet the need of food grains it has become compulsory to grow more crops which is called multiple cropping.

Q: Write about irrigation in India.
A: Not all the villages in India have high irrigation facility. Apart from the riverside plains, coastal regions are well irrigated. Plateau regions such as Deccan plateau have low levels of irrigation. A little less than 40 percent of the total cultivated area in our country is irrigated. In the remaining areas, farming is largely rain fed.

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